The Government of Canada, the Government of the United Mexican States and the Government of the United States of America, resolved to:

    STRENGTHEN the special bonds of friendship and cooperation among their nations;

    CONTRIBUTE to the harmonious development and expansion of world trade and provide a catalyst to broader international cooperation;

    CREATE an expanded and secure market for the goods and services produced in their territories;

    REDUCE distortions to trade;

    ESTABLISH clear and mutually advantageous rules governing their trade;

    ENSURE a predictable commercial framework for business planning and investment;

    BUILD on their respective rights and obligations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and other multilateral and bilateral instruments of cooperation;

    ENHANCE the competitiveness of their firms in global markets;

    FOSTER creativity and innovation, and promote trade in goods and services that are the subject of intellectual property rights;

    CREATE new employment opportunities and improve working conditions and living standards in their respective territories;

    UNDERTAKE each of the preceding in a manner consistent with environmental protection and conservation;

    PRESERVE their flexibility to safeguard the public welfare;

    PROMOTE sustainable development;

    STRENGTHEN the development and enforcement of environmental laws and regulations; and

    PROTECT, enhance and enforce basic workers' rights;

HAVE AGREED as follows: